The extension of the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS)
The CJRS (also known as the furlough scheme) will remain open until 31 March 2021. For claim periods running to January 2021, employees will receive 80% of their usual salary for hours not worked, up to a maximum of £2,500 per month. The £2,500 cap is proportional to the hours not worked.
The government will review the policy in January to decide whether economic circumstances are improving enough to ask employers to contribute more.
Claims can be made by employers across the UK that meet the eligibility criteria.
Employers who can claim under the CJRS extension
Employers do not need to have used the CJRS previously.
Employers across the UK can claim, whether their businesses are open or closed.
Employees furloughed under the CJRS extension
Core employee eligibility criteria
Employers can claim for employees who were employed and on their PAYE payroll on 30 October 2020. The employer must have made a PAYE Real Time Information (RTI) submission to HMRC between the 20 March 2020 and 30 October 2020, notifying a payment of earnings for that employee.
Employers will have flexibility to use the scheme for employees for any amount of time or shift pattern, furloughing employees on either a full-time or part-time basis, and will be able to vary the hours worked in agreement with the employee.
As under the current CJRS rules, employees can be on any type of employment contract.
Employees not claimed for previously under CJRS
Employees do not need to have been furloughed under the CJRS previously.
Employers will have to pay the employee’s wages for the hours they work as normal, as well as employer National Insurance and employer pension contributions.
Employees whose health has been affected by coronavirus or other conditions
Employees can be furloughed where they are unable to work because they:
- are shielding in line with public health guidance (or need to stay at home with someone who is shielding)
- have caring responsibilities resulting from coronavirus, including employees that need to look after children
The CJRS is not intended for short-term sick absences. If, however, employers want to furlough employees for business reasons and they are currently off sick, they are eligible to do so, as with other employees.
Furloughed employees who become ill, due to coronavirus or any other cause, must be paid at least Statutory Sick Pay (SSP). As under the CJRS previously, it is up to employers to decide whether to move these employees onto SSP or to keep them on furlough, at their furloughed rate.
Employees re-employed by their employer
Employees that were employed and on the payroll on 23 September 2020 who were made redundant or stopped working for their employer afterwards can be re-employed and claimed for. The employer must have made a PAYE Real Time Information (RTI) submission to HMRC from 20 March 2020 to 23 September 2020, notifying a payment of earnings for those employees.
Similarly, an employee who was on a fixed term contract, on payroll on 23 September, and that contract expired after 23 September can be re-employed and claimed for, provided that the other eligibility criteria are met.
When employees are on furlough
As under the CJRS previously, during hours which employees are recorded as being on furlough, they cannot do any work for their employer that makes money or provides services for their employer or any organisation linked or associated with their employer.
- take part in training
- volunteer for another employer or organisation
- work for another employer (if contractually allowed)
Maintaining employee rights
Employees will retain their rights at work, including:
- annual leave
- maternity and other parental rights
- rights against unfair dismissal
- redundancy payments
- to be paid at least statutory National Minimum Wage for hours worked
In addition, as with the current CJRS:
- the Working Tax Credits working hours easement will apply for the period of this CJRS extension
- for employees on statutory parental leave, there will be no change from CJR
What employers can claim
For claims between 1 November 2020 and 31 January 2021 employers will be able to claim a grant for 80% of usual wages up to a maximum government grant of £2,500 per month per employee for the time the employee spends on furlough. The £2,500 cap is proportional to the hours not worked.
The government will cover the cost of 80% of the salary of every eligible employee, up to a maximum government grant of £2,500 per month per employee for the time the employee spends on furlough.
Employers will need to:
- pay their employees for the time worked and the government grant for the time not worked;
- operate PAYE on behalf of their employees, as per CJRS
- pay employer National Insurance contributions and pension contributions for their employees on the full amount that they pay the employee, including any scheme grant
Employers will not be:
- required to contribute towards 80% of the employees’ usual wages for the hours not worked
- able to claim for employer National Insurance contributions or pension contributions
Employers can top up employee wages above the maximum salary threshold at their own expense.
Reference pay: calculating 80% of wages
If an employee was not previously eligible for CJRS, 80% of wages must be calculated for employees:
- on a fixed salary – 80% of the wages payable in the last pay period ending on or before 30 October 2020
- whose pay varies – 80% of the average payable between (these dates are inclusive) the start date of their employment or 6 April 2020 (whichever is later) and the day before their CJRS extension furlough periods begins
80% of wages is capped at the maximum wage amount which will be calculated in the in the way it was for CJRS before the extension.
Usual hours for an employee who is contracted for a fixed number of hours and whose pay does not vary according to the number of hours they work
If an employee was not previously eligible for CJRS, then usual hours for an employee who is contracted for a fixed number of hours and whose pay does not vary according to the number of hours they work, will be the contracted hours worked in the last pay period ending on or before 30 October 2020.
Usual hours for an employee who works variable hours
If an employee was not eligible for CJRS then the usual hours will be the average hours worked between (these dates are inclusive):
- the start date of the 2020 to 2021 tax year, (for example, 6 April 2020)
- the day before their CJRS extension furlough periods begins
Working out usual hours for an employee not previously eligible for CJRS
Sam has been employed by A Ltd since April 2020. A Ltd was not eligible to claim a CJRS grant for Sam. Sam is paid weekly. Sam has always been contracted to work a fixed number of hours per week (30 hours), and their pay does not vary according to the number of hours they work.
For the claim period 16 November 2020 to 22 November 2020, Sam’s usual hours will be 30 hours, being the number of hours Sam was contracted for on 25 October 2020, the end of the last pay period ending before 30 October.
How employers can claim under the CJRS extension
The extended CJRS will operate as the previous scheme did, in several respects:
- employers must report and claim for a minimum period of 7 consecutive calendar days
- employers will need to report actual hours worked and the usual hours an employee would be expected to work in a claim period
- for hours worked, employees will be paid by their employer subject to their employment contract and employers will be responsible for paying the tax and NICs due on those amounts
The claim period must start and end within the same calendar month. If the pay period includes days in more than one month. Each of those claims will need to be calculated separately. Claim periods cannot overlap, and employees claimed for will need to be included in each separate claim made.
An employer can make a claim in anticipation of an imminent payroll run, at the point they run their payroll or after they have run their payroll. There will be a short period when the legal terms of the scheme and system are updated. Businesses will need to claim in arrears for this period. There will be no gap in eligibility of support between the previously announced end-date of CJRS on 31 October 2020 and this extension starting 1 November 2020.
Claims can be made from 8am on Wednesday 11 November 2020. Claims can be made:
- in respect of an employee for a minimum 7 day claim window
- in advance
- in arrears for the period from 1 November 2020 to 11 November 2020, from the week commencing 9 November 2020
Claims relating to November 2020 must be made by 14 December 2020. Claims relating to each subsequent month should be submitted by day 14 of the following month, to ensure prompt claims following the end of the month which is the subject of the claim. The closing date for claims up to and including 31 October remains 30 November 2020.
Grants payments are anticipated 6 working days after the first claims.
Agents who are authorised to do PAYE online for employers will be able to claim on their behalf.
Claims can be made from 8am Wednesday 11 November 2020.
Full guidance will include further detail on how to claim and will be published on 10 November 2020.
Interaction with other Coronavirus Job Schemes
The launch of the Job Support Scheme has been postponed because of national developments related to the coronavirus pandemic.
The Job Retention Bonus (JRB) will not be paid in February 2021 and a retention incentive will be deployed at the appropriate time. The purpose of the JRB was to encourage employers to keep people in work until the end of January. However, as the CJRS is now being extended to 31 March 2021, the policy intent of the JRB no longer applies.