A new VAT penalty and interest regime come into effect for VAT returns beginning on or after 1 January 2023 (a delay from the originally proposed 1 April 2022 start date). The new regime replaces the VAT default surcharge regime and comprises 3 elements –the Late Submission Penalty (LSP), the Late Payment Penalty (LPP) and Late Payment Interest (LPI). While the headline penalty rates make the changes appear to be less costly, the other elements mean it will be a lot more expensive for some businesses.
The Late Submission Penalty
The LSP is a point-based system. Every time a VAT return is submitted late a penalty point accumulates. Once the relevant penalty threshold is reached a £200 penalty is issued plus another £200 for every subsequent late submission.
Points expire once they are 24 months old. They can be reset to zero if:
- All outstanding VAT returns are submitted; and
- Future VAT returns are submitted on time for these periods:
Period of Compliance
Late Payment Penalty
A separate penalty arises for paying late (or failing to arrange time to pay), which is calculated based on the length of the delay in payment. The penalty will not bite in full until 2023 and will apply as follows:
Number of days after payment deadline
2022/23: no penalty
2023/24 onwards: 2% of amount outstanding on day 15
2% of amount outstanding on day 15 AND 2% of amount outstanding on day 30
Daily penalty calculated at 4% APR for duration of outstanding balance
Late Payment Interest
Interest applies from day 1 after the due date. There is no phased introduction to this, and it will be applied at 2.5% plus the Bank of England base rate. Businesses should be mindful of the changing nature of this, given that interest rates have been rising sharply recently. Interest applies from the first day that payment is overdue, until the amount owing is paid in full.
Businesses likely to be worst hit by the new regime are those that are only late very occasionally, while those that are often late in submission and payment but only by a few days will find the new approach more to their liking.
The new regime also replaces the repayment supplement with repayment interest, which applies when a business has submitted a repayment claim VAT return.
Repayment interest will kick in from day 1 and will be at the Bank of England base rate plus 2.5%. Businesses should be mindful of the changing nature of this, given that interest rates have been rising sharply recently.
To avoid any of these charges, please contact your Account Manager here at Salisbury & Co, who will be happy to assist you.